CUI or CHE? il is used with masculine words beginning with most consonants: il sole: the sun il centro: the centre lo with masculine words beginning with z or s + consonant: lo zucchero: the sugar There isn’t a specific rule defining when using the interrogatives Che, Cosa or, Che cosa. Another way to express need is with the related noun bisogno (need), which is also easy to use, since the only verb you need to conjugate is avere (to have). We can generally say that you should use QUALI when English uses the interrogative WHICH. The Italian question word QUALE is also used when asking for specific information. Ne in the past tense If you want to use nein the past tense, the verb needs to agree in gender and number with the direct object, for example: These functions are: 1. or Che cosa? Conjunction Non so che far ci. What are pronoun in Italian: In the fourth sentence, the English preposition "about" can be If you haven’t learned that tense yet or need to review, you can read this article. 1 Using the subjunctive If you have the word che (meaning that) in an Italian sentence you often have to use the subjunctive. adjective modifying "him" and in Italian. Per godersi un film al cinema bisogna mangiare i pop-corn! I’m Katie… M: And I’m Matteo. We can also beautiful", all adverbial expressions. or dato che, poiché, in quanto che, per They are interchangeable. The main difference in the usage relates to Che? or Which ones? Ciao. When you must use CUI. Che ne dici? This expression can be used in an of "che" without an accent mark. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. L'acqua è più rinfrescante adj che saporita adj (Water is more refreshing than tasty) Pescare inf è più rilassante che nuotare inf (Fishing is more relaxing than swimming) Ora ho meno sete noun che fame noun (Literally: Right now I have less thirst than hunger) Mi sono divertito di più a prep Milano che a prep Roma (I had a better time in Milan than in Rome) For example: Un ragazzo che parla inglese potrebbe aiutarci con le locandine. ripetere, per favore?". I repeated the quiz with my intermediate and advanced students and some got stuck on that phrase. (those being a demonstrative pronoun) This is also basically how it also works in Italian. What do you say about it? Learn how your comment data is processed. I’m Argentinian so my mother tongue is Spanish but I am a teacher of English as a SL. Italian has (7) choices for "that and those" and the method for choosing which one to use is as follows: (click on Quell', Quello, Quel, Quella, Quegli, Quei or Quelle for brief pronunciation examples) For singular nouns (that) Quell' - Use this for all singular nouns starting with a vowel. Ep.6 – La sindrome del viaggiatore (o sindrome di Stendhal) – INTERMEDIO. It is invariable, is used in the masculine and feminine singular, and refers only to a person. Che. called "indirect interrogative clause" and we can QUALE or QUALI is always used with a noun or the verb to be. For all examples, the Italian sentence is presented first in italics, while the English translation follows in regular type. Relative pronoun Let’s see an example: Let’s see an example: Marco ha detto che sarebbe venuto is an indirect interrogative adjective. is preferred over Cosa? Caption 27, Anna e Marika - Il verbo avere - Part 2 Play Caption . In spoken Italian, the interrogatives QUALE or QUALI are often replaced by CHE: This form belongs strictly to spoken and colloquail Italian. Ho bisogno di questi bicchieri. understand what was said to us. In fact there are very few situations in Italian that require the subjunctive where che doesn't appear! Non so chi sia la persona che ha telefonato oggi. In the fifth sentence, which Chi and Che are very important, at times confusing, Italian words.Solve the quiz at the bottom of the blog. form of expressions that have a causal or final replaced by a relative clause to better clarify the meaning. ", etc. Learn Italian online with our series of free Italian lessons! Note, QUALE/i is followed either by a noun or the verb to be. Example; Che cosa hai bisogno? Shall we go to the theatre this weekend? 6. In fact, this unassuming preposition functions as a complement of means, purpose, location, time, and comparison—just to mention a few. If you use a verb, it must be conjugated in the subjunctive mood. They are interchangeable. translate it in Italian using either the indicative or the subjunctive. Ep.5 – Perché esistono i Trulli in Puglia? The simple Italian preposition di is one among several whose uses are more and more complicated than it seems. The fourth sentence is “Cosa” as a noun means “thing”. It is be used as complement to a subject and it can be replaced by il quale and la quale (depending on whether the subject is masculine or feminine). adjective and pronoun "Ché" is an abbreviated have a negative connotation meaning: "What are you saying? Hai bisogno di quei? In Let’s start from saying that the Italian interrogatives Che, Cosa or, Che cosa are used with verbs (actions). Preferisco partire il 3 CHE il 5 mattina. – What are eating today? You’ll need to have a good grasp of Italian numbers 1 – 60, so if you need to review those you can go back and listen to episodes 14 and 15. (che takes the place of a subject: the shop assistant) (che takes the place of a direct object: the boys) The relative pronoun “cui” connotation. the indicative or the subjunctive. a connotation of an indefinite quantity or quality. Che cosa mangi oggi? It is idiomatic. La cucina italiana è migliore della cucina tedesca – Italian food is better than German food. Precisely, when asking for information about people or things belonging to the same category (eg. GABRIEL e L'ITALIANO 49,504 views "how big", "how great" "how This is a good explanation, but it isn’t complete as you can see from the example Il clima qui è più bello che in Inghilterra. The pronoun ‘che is invariable – it doesn’t modify according to the gender or number of the subject. Also in the fifth sentence, the English preposition "about" – Charo ♦ Oct 30 '17 at 11:29 Che cosa porti a tua mamma e tua sorella quando torni a Napoli? As for the choice between di and che, the rules seen above for the comparative of majority apply: Comparative of equality. It’s used to substitute a subject or a direct object. someone you don' t know, you may say: "Scusi, non ho capito. The accented form "ché" is not to be confused with the above forms It is extremely common, and mastering its usage is crucial to better relate to those around you. and the entire sentence is an interrogative clause. In the second sentence, it stands for affinché, In all these expressions, che has Each lesson contains links to an explanation of the grammar, plus practice exercises and audio material recorded by native speakers. is called interrogative direct pronoun In this seventh sentence, che is the correlative to stesso e medesimo. (or Cosa?, or, Che cosa?) You use che when: — You’re comparing two qualities of one thing, like the tastes of a cake, the same person, or when you compare verbs and adverbs. My perception is that in Northern Italian Che? LANGUAGE MENTORING SESSIONS (HOW TO LEARN A LANGUAGE), Ep.4- La più piccola regione di Italia – La Vda. Interrogative The subjunctive is used after che: There isn’t a specific rule defining when using the interrogatives Che, Cosa or, Che cosa. colors, cities, languages…). functions within a sentence; therefore, it is one of the most frequently used words in Italian. 3. My perception is that in Northern … Italian language (ITA sub) - Duration: 2:40. What do you think about going on holiday together this summer? Welcome to Italian.SE, @Barry! It’s intended for for anyone who wants to … Your email address will not be published. 2. Cosa vuoi per cena? “Che” is either “what” or “which”, Che ora è? I don’t know what to do about it. say "un qualche cosa di strano" or "qualcosa di QUALE is also used when you are presented with two or more choices. When you can't use CHE. Copyright - Centro Studi Italiani -1998 - 2016, In the first sentence, "what" is equivalent to Examples below illustrate the use of this pronoun. Indefinite adjective But you know that I feel a little tired, too, who knows why? K: And this week, you’ll learn how to tell the time in Italian. In my last quiz about relative pronouns, I wrote the following sentence:. translated with a relative pronoun: ", In the second sentence "running" is an Ma sai che anche io mi sento un po' stanca, chissà come mai. How to use che, chi and ce in italian. Esempi: — SIA CHE tu faccia una vacanza in Scozia, SIA CHE … In these sentences, che has the meaning of The word "che" can perform several different strano". – What do you want for dinner? This is the most common form of relative pronoun. In this cases it translates the English Which one? Causal conjunction 5. CHE is the relative pronoun most utilized in Italian. The Italian subjunctive has four tenses that can have different translations in English. In the sixth sentence, which refers to the previous part of the sentence, and in Italian requires "che" preceded by the definite article " il ". The congiuntivo in Italian is used to talk about hopes, fears, doubts and other uncertain situations. BISOGNA CHE + subjunctive → used to refer to a particular subject. Se ti fa male il dente, bisogna che tu vada dal dentista! While in the South, people tend to use Che? There are some phrases where you have to use them in Italian. WE USE “CHE” WHEN… describing one entity with two different adjectives, nouns, or verbs: adjective + adjective [same entity] Italian Grammar Lessons: Relative Pronouns ‘Che’ And ‘Cui’. or a relative pronoun that introduces a subordinate clause Ti ho già detto che sono le tre – I’ve already told you that it’s three o’clock. MENO + adjective + DI / CHE + second term of comparison. "the things that" and in Italian should be In this case. We can also say "la qual cosa". With a certain intonation, "Che?" BISOGNA + infinitive → used to talk generally, to refer to everybody. informal setting, when addressing someone in a familiar way, when we don't Ciao a tutti e benvenuti a 5 minute Italian, hi everyone and welcome to 5 minute Italian. In the first sentence what This is lesson 50 and covers relative pronouns ‘che’ and ‘cui’. e.g. The relative pronoun “che” We can use the relative pronoun “che” in place of a subject or a direct object (thing or person); remember that it never changes! and pronoun you talking about? Sia che + some noun/verb + sia che + some other noun/verb. we use che when it precedes another preposition such as in or a can be replaced by a relative clause to better clarify the meaning. - What time is it? In the third sentence which is again an "indirect interrogative clause", we can use either – I prefer to leave on the 3rd than on the 5th morning. The other and more complicated way is: bisogna + che + verb in the subjunctive, but that's a topic for a future lesson. This place is reserved for giving an answer to the question. Let’s start from saying that the Italian interrogatives Che, Cosa or, Che cosa are used with verbs (actions). This way of using bisogna is easy: bisogna + verb in the infinitive . Phrases which are followed by the word che (that) generally use il congiuntivo. In the second sentence what When used as a pronoun the demonstratives still retain the gender and number properties that they would have had as an adjective. The previous form is preferred if you want to communicate well and use Italian correctly, Your email address will not be published. In the first sentence, ché stands for perché, The speaker could easily have said the following, and meant pretty much the same thing: Ma sai che anche io mi sento un po' stanca, chissà perché. Che fai stasera? QUALE becomes QUAL when followed by the verb è? 4. Sì, ho bisogno di questi. I was taught that you should use che when both sides of the comparison are grammatically identical. Interrogative Adjective and Pronoun If you are trying to comment a given answer, you will have to wait until you have enough reputation. If you're trying to ask something, please use "Ask Question". In Italian, the word cazzo literally means “dick”, and is commonly used not only to express anger, but also as an exclamation of surprise, disappointment or even appreciation. While the indicative is the mood of reality, subjunctive is the mood of possibility. Penso che ci siano troppi ... One thought to “How to use Câ€™È and CI SONO in Italian!” Patricia Tomietto says: July 30, 2020 at 4:08 pm Excellent explanition! Italian people use condizionale to express a future action from the viewpoint of the past. It is invariabile (unchangeable), therefore it stays the same in the masculine, feminine, singular and plural form.It is used to refer to people (who, whom), and animals and objects (which or that). – What are you doing tonight? Che ne pensi di andare in vacanza insieme quest’estate? this case. ; Translating Italian into English makes things more complicated. It can be added to a sentence, or be used as an exclamation. in modo che. If  you don't understand Può il fatto che. (To enjoy a movie at the you need to eat some popcorn) 2. Adverb. Ci is often used with Italian verbs which are followed by a, for example: cr e dere a qualcosa to believe something, to believe in something; Non ci credo. Chi in Italian literally means "who." It usually follows the marker word “ che ” (that). Required fields are marked *. QUALE becomes QUALI if followed by a plural noun or the verb “sono”. can Another way to say WHAT in Italian is to use the interrogative QUALE? not have a pronoun in English, but we need a relative = What do you bring your mum and your sister when you go back to Naples? is an interrogative direct pronoun. In the third sentence the "book I bought" does Che cosa = what Porti = “you bring” or “you take” (Italians don’t differentiate) QUALE is used both with people and things. Are you listening to yourself? This fits into category 3. in my blog . and Quale?
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